Doctoral Dissertation Open Access

Triple-Differential Measurement of the Dijet Cross Section at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV with the CMS Detector

Savoiu, Daniel

Thesis supervisor(s)

Quast, G√ľnter; Rabbertz, Klaus

This thesis presents the first triple-differential measurement of the dijet production cross section performed in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, based on a data sample of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ recorded by the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The cross section is measured using anti-$k_\text{T}$ jets with radius parameters of R = 0.4 and R = 0.8 as a function of the dijet rapidity separation $y^{*}$ , the total boost of the dijet system $y_\text{b}$ , and either the average transverse momentum $\langle p_\text{T}\rangle_{1,2}$ or the invariant mass $m_\text{jj}$ of the dijet system as the third variable. This choice of rapidity variables exploits the topology of the dijet system to achieve an increased sensitivity to the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the proton.

After accounting for detector-induced systematic effects in a three-dimensional unfolding procedure, the measured spectra are compared to fixed-order theory predictions at next-to-next-to-leading order accuracy in perturbative quantum chromodynamics, obtained using several recent PDF sets. While the data are observed to be described by the theory within the experimental and theoretical uncertainties across a large portion of the phase space, potentially significant deviations are observed in areas where a heightened sensitivity to the PDFs is expected.

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